Plant Tissue Culture


Plant Tissue Culture


Tissue culture means micro-propagation of tissues of the selected Elite plants. The process consists of various steps such as Initiation, Multiplication, Shooting & rooting, Initial acclimatization is done in green houses and Secondary Hardening in shade houses where there is limited control of environmental conditions.

Plant tissue culture-Plant tissue culture relies on the fact that many plant cells have the ability to regenerate a whole plant (totipotency). Single cells, plant cells without cell walls (protoplasts), pieces of leaves, stems or roots can often be used to generate a new plant on culture media given the required nutrients and plant hormones. It is a collection of techniques used to maintain or grow plant cells, tissues or organs under sterile conditions on a nutrient culture medium of known composition.

Advantage of Tissue Culture


Characteristics Tissue Culture
Yield High
Variety True to type
Growth Uniform
Maturity Synchronous
Market Price Higher Returns
Disease Free from all disease when supplied
Availability Any time any quantities

Facilities


Being a commercial tissue culture plant production unit ABLR is well equipped with modern tools of plant tissue culture along with group of imminent scientists and researchers for large scale production of quality Tissue Culture raised planting material. Major facilities available with ABARD Centre for Rural Livelihood including land, infrastructure and laboratory facility are as follows:

Laboratories [About 6000 sq. ft.]
  • Media preparation Lab
  • Inoculation Lab
  • Culture Incubation Rooms
  • Research and Development Lab
  • Jar washing and decontamination room
  • Plant grading room (for plants to be transferred ex-vitro)
Hardening & Research Field Facility
  • Green House - 4(2,500 m²)
  • Shade house - 3(10,000 m²)
  • R & D Fields – 50 acres

Products


Banana

ABLR introduced cultivation of tissue culture raised banana plants for the first time in this part of Country leading to revolutionary change in economic stability of local farmers.

The lab has introduce many varieties like Grandnaine, Shrimant, Mahalaxmi and Basrai, out of which Grandnaine is most popular among the farmers due to its potential of getting a yield of 30 to 40 kg fruit per bunch and harvesting period under 12 months.

At ABLR we breed superior horticultural selections of this cultivar with high-yielding characteristics. Research and Development unit of ABLR is in a verge of developing elite verities of banana plants through somaclonal variations.Apart from our research we also have few elite banana clones procured from Israel viz; Gal, Zelig and Eilon which will be released to the Indian market soon after our field evaluations and trials.

Sugarcane

Sugarcane is a very popular cash crop among farmers making good profit from its cultivation. Tissue culture sugarcane plants, unlike conventional propagation, accelerates the multiplication process several fold and produces large quantities of planting material in a matter of months.

To ensure that disease-free clean planting material is supplied to growers, cultures are produced from shoot tops collected from Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore approved sugarcane plots only. Shoots tips received in the laboratory are been tested for sugarcane diseases according to NCS-TCP quality control protocols. DNA fingerprinting of these shoot tips and tissue culture plants are done.

Bamboo

Bamboo is a Symbol of century's old civilization of mankind being a part of daily life style in almost all occasion. India is number one country in world with largest Bamboo forests (8.98 million ha). It is used in several industries like paper, housing, cottage, handicrafts and in modern time as wood substitutes for practical board, furniture & recently as floor tiles, mats etc.

Tissue culture is a technique to produce large quantities of plants in very short period of time. Plants from tissues are grown under controlled environmental conditions. Starting from only a few nodal pieces, within a period of 4-8 months thousands of new plants can be produced. These plants are multiplied every 3-5 weeks. This is an excellent method of propagate new introductions or new selections very rapidly. The following species are being produced at our lab:

  1. Bambusa balcooa
  2. Bambusa nutans
  3. Bambusa tulda
  4. Dendrocalamus strictus

Jatropha

The Aditya Biotech Lab and Research (ABLR) is engaged in enhancing the potential of Jatropha plantation by conducting research works on various aspects of Jatropha cultivation, biodiesel production and by-products of Jatropha.

The ABLR initiated R & D activities on Jatropha during the year 2002. After 3 year of R &D the ABLR introduced TC plants of Jatropha and planted in fields. However reluctance from farmers and later by state government did not promote this wonderful plant further.

It is a drought-resistant perennial, growing well in marginal/poor soil. It is easy to establish, grows relatively quickly and lives, producing seeds for 50 years.

It is found to be growing in many parts of the country, rugged in nature and can survive with minimum inputs and easy to propagate.

Acacia_Mangium

Acacia is also known as Australian Teak which is not thorny. They are pod-bearing, with sap and leaves typically bearing large amounts of tannins and condensed tannins that historically in many species found use as pharmaceuticals and preservatives.

They are used for timber, pulp wood, gum, medicials and others. Acacia gives high opacity and below average bulk paper. This is suitable in lightweight offset papers used for bibles and dictionaries.

It is also used in paper tissue where it improves softness. Acacia can be planted for erosion control, especially after mining or construction damage.

Eucalyptus

Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus teriticornis) is quick growing flowering trees and shrubs native to Australia. ITC Bhandrachalam introduced some clones of eucalyptus collected from Australis and grown in India.

These clones were further tested by BILT paper mill and requested ABLR to produce such clone tissue culture, as a result ABLR started commercial production of these clones and provides it to local farmers also.

ABLR has around 30 acres of eucalyptus plantation. The dried leaves of these plants are used for extraction of essential oil in our oil distillation unit and supplied.

Gerbera

Gerbera is a genus of ornamental plants from the sunflower family (Asteraceae).It was named in honour of the German botanist and naturalist Traugott Gerber († 1743). It is the fifth most used cut flower in the world (after rose, carnation, chrysanthemum, and tulip).

It is striking, two-lipped ray florets in yellow, orange, white, pink or red colors. Gerbera is very popular and widely used as a decorative garden plant or as cut flowers. They vary greatly in shape, size and color including white, yellow, orange, red, and pink.

The centre of the flower is sometimes black. Often the same flower can have petals of several different colors. Gerbera contains naturally occurring coumarin derivatives. Gerbera is a tender annual plant. It is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds, but resistant to deer.

Customer Solution


We are in regular touch with our customers and provide latest information about our products and its cultivation to yield the best. Such best performances are periodically release on our websites for customer knowledge.

Contact
  1. Bhupendra Sahu
    Marketing Manager

    Mobile No. :09329773020
    Email :[email protected]

You can mail us at : [email protected]